factors that affect vegetable growth, Part 1

Hello friends, welcome again in my Blog. In this Blog we describe all those factors affecting vegetable growth. I described in my first Blog that there are a lot of tonnes of vegetables are produced every year in our country. And our country India is the second largest producer country of vegetable after China.

Now a day… Approx. 60 to 70 per cent farmers grow and cultivate vegetables in their field. Because of its high opportunity, new farmers and new youth generation want to cultivate vegetables.

They know many things, much knowledge about vegetables that what is it? How they cultivated in their farm or field?  When they are sown, when they harvested? Does of fertilizers and manures in their farm. But they face problems in that time when some natural disasters such as- Flood, Frost and storm destroy their all vegetables and all other crops. Or Insects and disease may destroy their all vegetables crop or because of High temperature, their vegetable crops may destroy.  After the destroying of their vegetable, farmers didn’t know what they do at that time?

So, we should understand what are those factors that affect the vegetable crops and also other crops. These factors also affect the yield, maturity and Quality of crops. So In this Blog, we try to understand all those factors that affect the vegetable’s growth. Let’s Start….

Introduction about vegetable growth

First of all, we try to understand the basic factors that affect the Production of vegetables and their growth also. There are only two basic factors that affect all types of crops growth and vegetable growth. That are-

  1. Soil Factor, and
  2. Environmental Factor.

Soil and Environmental factors are the major factors that affect the production of vegetables and also vegetable growth. For their Proper growth and better production, vegetable should require good nutritive soil and also good environment.  Soil and Environmental factor also responsible for yield variation of vegetables.

For example- Rice

For Better cultivation of Rice, Clay loam soil is considered as best soil for its proper growth and 25 degree Celsius to 35 degree Celsius is its optimum temperature. If Rice doesn’t get Clay loam soil and 25 to 35 degree Celsius temperature for its cultivation, then there is a variation or changing in Rice yield.

So I tell that Soil and Environmental factor also responsible for yield variation of vegetables. There are only two major factors (Soil and Environmental factors) that affect the vegetable growth I described them above, and all the other factors included in these two factors.

First factor is Soil factor- there are mainly five factors that includes in Soil Factors-

  • Soil Texture,
  • Soil pH,
  • Soil fertility,
  • Soil reaction, and
  • Soil nutrients.

Second Factor is Environmental Factor, there are many factors that includes in this Factor, Such as-

  • Light
  • Temperature
  • Moisture
  • Insects
  • Diseases and so on.

Generally there are 10 factors that affect the vegetable growth and their production. That are given below-

  1. Light
  2. Temperature
  3. Moisture
  4. Nutrients
  5. Oxygen
  6. Carbon di-oxide
  7. Minerals
  8. Soil reaction or soil pH
  9. Disease and Insects
  10. Soil fertility

Light as a Factor that affect vegetable growth

Here the meaning of Light is Natural light (Sunlight) not an artificial light. Although there are many techniques are discovered by which we can cultivate or grow vegetables in Air. That’s other thing we come to our main point means hoe Light affect the vegetables growth as well as production.

light affects vegetable growth
Light as a Factor

Light factor also includes three other factors-

  1. Light Intensity
  2. Light Direction
  3. Light Duration


  1. Light Intensity-

Before understand Light Intensity we should understand what is Intensity? Here the meaning of intensity is the Strength and Power. Light intensity means How the Light is Powerful and strengthful.

Here two words come- High intensive Light and Low intensive Light.

High Intensive Light means those type of Light whose Intensity means strength or Power is high. And Low Intensive Light means those type of light whose Intensity means strength or Power is low. Highly Intensive Light may increase the vegetables growth and Production and Low Intensive light cant increase the growth of Vegetables like as Highly Intensive Light. How?

Light affects vegetable growth
Light as a Factor

If highly intensive Light Strike on vegetables it may increase the photosynthesis Rate of vegetable. And Photosynthesis Process will be fast because of fast photosynthesis process vegetables and other crops will be automatic grow in proper way. But very high intensive light may kill the plants cell and plant will be die at one time. Because Highly Intensive light may create the deadly free radicals which kill the plants cell.

  1. Light Direction-

Light Direction means the angle and elevation of Sunlight on Plants or vegetables. Plants grow in proper way in the direction Sun or Sunlight. For example- Sunflower.  Light direction also affects the growth as well as production of vegetables.

  1. Light Duration-

Light Duration means how the longer time, light strikes on the vegetable, so light duration also affect the vegetable growth and production also.

If sunlight strike on vegetable crop in longer time, it may increase the photosynthesis rate and photosynthesis process. And Vegetables grow in proper way.


Temperature as a Factor that affect vegetable growth

Temperature is a factor that affect many things, such as- Photosynthesis Rate, Transpiration Rate, Respiration Rate of vegetables crop as well as vegetable growth and the enzymes activity inside the plants also. temperature as a plants growth

Temperature also affects the germination, Flowering, yields and Quality or Pollen transferring also. And that temperature in which vegetables and any types of crops grow in proper way are known as Optimum temperature.

Each vegetables, Plants and crops have different optimum temperature for their proper growth. For example- Optimum temperature means best temperature is 60 to 80 degree ferhanite for proper growth of Potato and 55 to 75 degree Farhanite for proper growth of Tomato.


Moisture as a Factor that affect vegetable growth

Moisture as a Factor of vegetable growth
Moisture as a Factor

Basically the word “Moisture” is derived from water. Means those things in which concentration of water is high, in that things moisture be also in high amount.  More the moisture is present in the soil and around the Plants and vegetable, plants take or absorb more water and photosynthesis Process will be in proper way. So vegetable also grow in proper way.



Nutrients as a Factor that affect vegetable growth

Before understand about How nutrients affect Vegetables growth and production, we should understand what is nutrients, actual meaning of nutrients, types of nutrients, which elements include under Nutrients.

Nutrients are those types of elements that provide us Nutrition. Among this earth approx. all living things need nutrients for their life. Like other living things plants also need nutrients for their proper growth. Nutrients are basically of two types-

  1. Macro Nutrients, and
  2. Micro Nutrients.


  1. Macro Nutrients = Macro nutrients are those type of nutrients that are taken in Large amount. Such as- Nitrogen, Magnesium, Potassium, etc.
  2. Micro Nutrients = Micro nutrients are those type of nutrients that are taken in small amount. Such as- Silver and Aluminium, etc.

Every Individual Plants require nutrients according to their need, according to their structure, function and if they are affected by some disease then according to their symptoms plants need nutrients. Each vegetable need at different-different requirement of nutrients for vegetable growth.




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It is Arpan Priy Das from west champaran, Bihar. Arpan started his blog about agricultural information named as “ECOHILLAGRI.COM ” He started his blog ecohillagri.com to help many agricultural or other students as well as farmers. so, it is necessary for them to learn about agriculture that is useful for students as well as farmers and that all concepts are present in this blog.

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