Dairy farming: one of the best Profitable Agribusiness in 2020

cattle
cattle

Cattles are one kind of living that comes under the Kingdom Animalia. Basically cow, ox, goat and Buffalo includes under categories of Cattle. And that Farming or Agribusiness that is doing by these cattles are referred as Dairy farming.

Dairy farming is one of the most Profitable and long term Agribusiness for many Purpose, such as Higher production of milk, for making organic medicines, Selling and Buying the Breeds of cattle and so on.

The Basic Aims and Objectives of Dairy farming are describing below-

  1. To enhance the Production of Milk.
  2. To Provide much Employment.
  3. To enhance the number of Breeds of cattle.

For more knowledge about Dairy farm, you may download the PDF by clicking this Link-

Dairy farming_Ecohillagri.com


Better choice of breeds for Dairy farming

Breeds of cow-

Gyr cow: the best cow breed for Dairy farm
Gir cow

Gir cow-

  • Origin = Junagadh, Bhavnagar, Rajkot and Amreli districts of Gujarat in India.
  • Skin color = Dark Red
  • Horns = Downwards and backwards with an upward curve and with thicker at the base side.
  • milk yield = 7 to 8 liters
  • Age at first calving = 1 533 ± 56 (in days)
  • Inter calving period = 423 ± 12 days
  • Famous for milk production.
Sahiwal cow: Best option for Dairy farm
Sahiwal cow

Sahiwal cow-

  • Origin = dry Punjab region
  • Skin color = red-brown color
  • Horns =  peculiarly curved
  • milk yield = 7 to 10 Litres (recorded = 23 litres per day in karnal)
  • Age at first calving = 35.4 (in month)
  • Inter calving period = 391 days
  • Famous for milk production.
Red Sindhi
Red Sindhi

Red Sindhi-

  • Origin = Sindh province of Pakistan
  • Skin color = Brick Red
  • Horns = Horns are thick at the base and emerge laterally and curve upward.
  • milk yield = 12 litter/day
  • Age at first calving = 39-50 months
  • Inter calving period = 425-540 days
  • Famous for higher milk production

Tharparkar-

  • Origin = Tharparkar District in Sindh province
  • Other Name = White Sindhi
  • Skin color =  white to gray skin
  • Horns =  lyre-shaped horn
  • milk yield =  8-10 liter/day
  • Famous for  both milking and draught purpose
Haryana cow
Haryana cow

Haryana cow –

  • Origin = Haryana and eastern Punjab
  • Skin color = white to gray shade
  • Horns =  small
  • milk yield = about 5 to 6 kg per day
  • Age at first calving = 40 to 60 months
  • Inter calving period = 480 to 630 days
  • Famous for Transportation.
Kakrej is the most aggressive cow
Kankrej Breeds

Kankrej-

  • Origin = Rann of Kutch in Gujarat
  • Skin color = silver to gray to iron gray or steel black
  • Horns =  peculiarly curved with a ‘half moon’ appearance.
  • milk yield = 1738 kg  (average yield)
  • Famous for Draught Purpose.
Amritmahal breeds
Amritmahal breeds

Amritmahal-

  • Origin = Mysore in Karnataka, India.
  • Skin color =  almost white to nearly black
  • Horns = long and sharp
  • milk yield =  Average milk yield is 572 kg
  • Age at first calving
  • Inter calving period
  • Famous for Transportation.
Rathi Breed
Rathi Breed

Rathi-

  • Origin = Rajasthan
  • Skin color = usually brown in colour
  • Horns = curving outward, upward and inward
  • milk yield =  1062 to 2810 Kg (average yield)
  • Famous for both milking and draught Purpose

For more knowledge about Dairy farm, you may download the PDF by clicking this Link-

Dairy farming_Ecohillagri.com


How to establish your own Dairy farm

  • You manage yourself first.
  • Develop a Business analysis Plan.
  • Consult with Expert.
  • Create a feeding Program or cropping Program for cattles.
  • Also make the management plan of waste.

Now describe in deeply

(1). If You are a beginner, then you should need some Professional Training from Expert or certified Dairy farm. Link of some certified Dairy farm for Training are given below, If you interested in Dairy farming you may click this link-

  • Sanjay Gandhi Institute of Dairy Technology-

And you can also visit your nearby Dairy farm for consulting of management of dairy farm.

(2). Read or Study carefully Any magazine of Dairy. This helps you to manage your Dairy farm in Better way. Some link of Dairy magazine are given please click and read-

(3). You should need to know about subsidy and Loan that is related to Dairy Farming, If you interested in This type of Farming then you may go to your nearby Agricultural Bank, KVK, Co-operative Bank, etc.

(4). The Amount and the Quality of fodder directly impact your cattle health, your Profit, market value,  and so many things. So Our team recommended you to use fodder of Good Quality nd it is necessary that should be 100 percent (%) organic for your 100 percent (%) Profit.

(5). Initially, If you wanted to start a Dairy farm then visit the cattle market to observe the cattles in Better way. And talk directly with the salesman not any third Party.

NOTE- It must be necessary that you should never waste your investment (money) to buy any cattle through Online.

(6). You should learn about the labour management skills for your Dairy farm. (then you should visit your nearby Dairy farm).

Things that you require for Profitable Dairy farming

(1). Land

(2). Cattle Shed

(3). Fodder and water

(4). Selection of Breeds

(5). Labour skills

(6). Vaccination for cattle

TABLE: Disease, vaccination type, and their Dosages for cattle-

DiseaseVaccine typeDosageVaccination time
Foot DiseasePoly valent FMD3 ml s/cFebruary and December
BrucellBrucella2 ml s/cAccording to disease action on cattle
RabiesRabies Post Bite1 ml s/cAlternation of per 90 days (0,3,7,14,28,….month)
AnthraxAnthrax spores1 ml s/cAccording to disease action on cattle
Mouth DiseasePoly valent FMD3 ml s/cFebruary and december

For more knowledge about Dairy farm, you may download the PDF by clicking this Link-

Dairy farming_Ecohillagri.com


Pasteurization of milk

Louis Pasteur
Louis Pasteur

Pasteurized milk is a raw milk that has been heated to a specified temperature and time to kill all the pathogens that may be found in the raw milk. Pathogens are microorganism such as bacteria that make us sick and ill. Raw milk can contain pathogens such as Campylobacter, E. coli 0157:H7SalmonellaListeria and other bacteria and By Pasteurization Methods, all Harmful Bacteria and pathogens has been killed.

For more knowledge about Pasteurization of milk, you can click this link-  https://ecohillagri.com/indian-cow-best-solution-for-every-problem/

 

Subsidy or Loan

There are many subsidy that is serving by Indian government to farmers or those who interested in dairy farming, But DEDS scheme is considered as one of the most important subsidy in Dairy farming;

DEDS (Dairy Entrepreneur Development Scheme) By NABARD

Aim-

  • Providing much employment at village area.
  • Increasing Milk Production.

Who can apply for DEDS (Dairy Entrepreneur Development Scheme)

  • Farmers
  • NGOs and Other organization
  • Individual Entrepreneurs
  • Milk union
  • Milk federation
  • Dairy co-operative society, etc.

Banks or Institution that comes under Dairy Entrepreneur Development Scheme

  • Regional Bank
  • State co-operative bank
  • State co-operative Agricultural bank
  • Commercial Bank
  • Rural Development Bank
  • All other Institute that are eligible for providing finance help from NABARD.

Required Document for Dairy Entrepreneur Development Scheme

  • Caste certificate
  • Identity card
  • Copy of project Business plan
  • If applying Loan is above 1 lakh, Borrower must have mortage some Papers related to his Land.

Subsidy Providing-

  • General Category will get 25 percent subsidy of total Investment.
  • ST/SC categories and woman will get 33.33 percent subsidy of total Investment.

(1). For Purchase cattle Animals-

  • Investment = investment will be rupee Five lakh for ten animals.
  • Minimum unit size = 2 Animals (with upper limit of 10 Animals)
  • Subsidy = 25% General categories and 33.33% ST/SC and woman

(2). For Purchase calves (heifer)

  • Investment = investment will be 4.50 Lakh for 20 calf unit.
  • Minimum unit size = 5 calves (with upper limit 20 calves)
  • Subsidy = 25% General categories and 33.33% ST/SC and woman

(3). For established vermicomposting system

  • Investment = investment will be rupees 20,000 only.
  • Requirement = With only milch animal only
  • Subsidy = 25% General categories and 33.33% ST/SC and woman

(4). For Purchase of any milking machinery

  • Investment = investment will be 18 lakh.
  • Example = milking machine/ milko testers/ Bulk milk cooling unit
  • Subsidy = 25% General categories and 33.33% ST/SC and woman

(5). For Purchase of Any kind of Dairy Processing Equipment

  • Investment = investment will be 12 lakh
  • Subsidy = 25% General categories and 33.33% ST/SC and woman

(6). Established the Transport facilities

  • Investment = investment will be 24 Lakh
  • Subsidy = 25% General categories and 33.33% ST/SC and woman

(7). Established the Cold storage facilities

  • Investment = investment will be 30 Lakh
  • Subsidy = 25% General categories and 33.33% ST/SC and woman

(8). Established Dairy marketing (Parlour)

  • Investment = investment will be rupees 56,000 only.
  • Subsidy = 25% General categories and 33.33% ST/SC and woman

Repayment of Dairy Loan = Vary between 3 to 7 years.


For more knowledge about Dairy farm, you may download the PDF by clicking this Link-

 


For more Knowledge about Subsidy, Loan, and also Dairy farm, then visit your nearby KVK (krishi vigyan Kendra) and click this following Link for different KVKs-

 

 

See Also


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It is Arpan Priy Das from west champaran, Bihar. Arpan started his blog about agricultural information named as “ECOHILLAGRI.COM ” He started his blog ecohillagri.com to help many agricultural or other students as well as farmers. so, it is necessary for them to learn about agriculture that is useful for students as well as farmers and that all concepts are present in this blog.

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